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A person is disabled if they have “a physical or mental impairment that has a substantial and long term adverse effect on their ability to carry out normal day to day activities”. A physical or mental impairment includes learning difficulties, mental health conditions, medical conditions and hidden impairments such as dyslexia, autism, speech and language and communication impairments, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), or people diagnosed with cancer, HIV infection or multiple sclerosis (Equality Act 2010). An impairment does not of itself mean that a pupil is disabled; it is the effect on the person’s ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities that has to be considered.