Skip to main content
Access keys Home News Site map Site help Complaints Terms Contact us

SERAF categories of risk framework

SERAF

Category of risk

Description

Associated actions and suggested interventions

Category 1
(Not at risk) (0-5)
A child or young person who may be ‘in need’ but who is not currently at risk of being groomed for sexual exploitation.

Educate to stay safe.

Consider discussion with school and accessing support via their PHSE.

Review risk following any significant change in circumstances.

Category 2
(Mild risk) (6-10)
A vulnerable child or young person who may be at risk of being groomed for sexual exploitation.

Work on risk awareness and staying safe should be undertaken with this child/young person.

Should a SAfeh be undertaken, would a referral to FYPS benefit the young person?

Review risk following any significant change in circumstances.

Category 3
(Moderate risk) (11-15)
A child or young person who may be targeted for opportunistic abuse through exchange of sex for drugs, accommodation (overnight stays) and goods etc.

Refer to ART/ inform allocated social worker (if there is one). There should be a record on the child’s file to consider whether there are reasonable grounds to suspect the child is suffering/ likely to suffer significant harm in the form of CSE or any other form of abuse or neglect. If so, a strategy discussion must follow. The PSW/ CSW team should be invited to all strategy discussions when there are concerns regarding CSE.

If child is known in relation to CSE concerns and this is a review SERAF consideration should be given to whether there is any new information that needs to be shared and if so a strategy discussion may be needed. If not it may be a good time to bring forward a multi-agency meeting to discuss the child’s needs e.g. core group, TAC meeting etc.

Work should be undertaken with this child/young person around risk reduction and keeping safe.

Alert PSW/CSW team and consider whether child/ young person should be included on South Gloucestershire CSE list.

Category 4
(Significant risk) (16+)

Indication that a child or young person is at significant risk of or is already being sexually exploited.

Sexual exploitation is likely to be habitual, often self-denied and coercion/control is implicit.

Refer to ART/ inform allocated social worker (if there is one). It is likely that a child with a significant risk score on a SERAF is likely to be at significant risk of harm in the form of sexual exploitation or some other form of harm or abuse. Therefore, a strategy discussion is required. If it is considered there are not reasonable grounds to suspect the child is suffering/ likely to suffer significant harm the rationale for this decision needs to be clearly recorded on the child’s file. The PSW/ CSW team should be invited to all strategy discussions when there are concerns regarding CSE.

If a child is known in relation to CSE concerns and this is a review SERAF consideration should be given to whether there is any new information that needs to be shared and if so a strategy discussion may be needed. If not it may be a good time to bring forward a multi-agency meeting to discuss the child’s needs e.g. core group, TAC meeting etc.

It is likely a multi agency meeting is required to ensure effective exchange of information with multi-agency colleagues and agree protection plan, including regular review meetings.

Protection plan should include long term intensive direct work with the child or young person.

Alert PSW/CSW team and consider whether child/ young person should be included on South Gloucestershire CSE list.

Moderate or Significant risk Young person aged 18 years or above.

Where a young person is aged 18 years or over the associated action in relation to Moderate and Significant risk: sexual exploitation should be addressed as an issue in relation to this young person through the Pathway or other work plan; liaison between children’s services and police to address the young person’s protection.

Alert PSW/CSW team and consider whether child/ young person should be included on South Gloucestershire CSE list.