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2.1 Risk and protective factors

As previously described mental health and mental disorders are influenced by the economic, social and physical environments in which children live. Some populations are at higher risk of mental disorders because of their vulnerability to unfavourable circumstances and their gender. Mental health risk factors encompass a wide range of fields from complications during birth, low self-esteem, family disharmony and instability, bullying, difficult life events to societal discrimination and isolation.

As data for South Gloucestershire children in relation to risk and protective factors is documented in other recent reports (such as the South Gloucestershire Child Poverty Strategy) the following data has been provided in Appendix A and should be considered when developing a strategy to improve the emotional health and wellbeing of the children and young people of South Gloucestershire